Statistics in countries all over Europe demonstrate (even if to a different extent depending on national structures) the risk of social exclusion and of poverty especially at an older age for women if they are not having their own adequate income over their life-time. National social programmes provide different funding and protection schemes for maternity leaves, which may encourage women staying at home or re-joining work. The length of the absence from the labour market may always be seen in relation to this funding and to specific components like: the level of education and possible income a woman might achieve; the structural preconditions like the availability of care for children and elderly family members or availability or distance of the working place.

1st Project Newsletter


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